Whistleblower is just a term applied to someone who reveals misconduct in a organization, to people or to those in positions of authority. The whistleblower is just a person, usually an employee, in a government agency or private enterprise who makes a disclosure to people or to those in power, of mismanagement, dishonesty, illegality, or some other wrongdoing.
Considering that the 1960s, people value of whistleblower has been increasingly recognized. Federal and state statutes and regulations have already been enacted to protect whistleblower lawsuits whistleblowers from various forms of retribution. Even with out a statute, numerous decisions encourage and protect whistleblowers on grounds of public policy. The federal False Claims Act (31 U.S.C.A. § 3729) also rewards a whistleblower that brings a lawsuit against a company, making a forged claim or commits fraud against the government.
People performing the role of whistleblowers are often the subject material of retaliation by their employers. Normally the employer discharges the whistleblower, who’s often an at-will employee. At-will employees are people with out a specific term of employment. The employee may quit at any time and the employer has the best to fire the employee without having to quote a reason. However, the judiciary and legislatures have formed exceptions for whistleblowers which can be at-will employees. Employees who blow the whistle on problems that affect only private interests will generally be unsuccessful in maintaining a reason behind action for expulsion in violation of public policy. As a general rule, employees asserting that these were dismissed for disclosing internal corporate misconducts have already been unsuccessful in determining public policy exceptions to the at-will rule. It can also be seen that grievances about internal company policy don’t involve public policy supporting unjust dismissal suits.
Many states have enforced whistleblower statutes to protect and safeguard the interests of the whistleblower, but these statutes vary widely in coverage. Some statutes tend to use simply to public employees, some apply to both public and private employees, and others apply to public employees and employees of public contractors.